Dr. Shoemaker · Lab tests

Lab Tests to Help Doctors Diagnose Mold Illness

Its bad enough to feel sick and visit doctor after doctor and have them turn around and say:  “Well you have depression, anxiety, IBS and Fibromyalgia.  Lets get you started on these prescription drugs to help aid your symptoms”.
This type of thinking frustrates me beyond repair.  When a person is a victim of any life altering illness they cannot simply be medicated for symptoms.  The cause must be researched and dealt with accordingly in order to remedy the problem.

Below is a fantastic write-up from Dr. Shoemaker’s site “Surviving Mold” on what tests should be done if mold illness is suspected.  Please feel free to print this out and take it with you on your next doctors appointment.

Lab Tests for Mold Illness – Secrets of Survival

The laboratory tests that are ordered are blood tests done in labs around the world, and paid for by insurance companies.  These tests hold the secrets of surviving mold illness.  The names may be foreign to you, but since they are the things that hold the secrets to Surviving Mold, meet them today and perhaps know them as friends tomorrow.

You don’t need to be an expert to read further, but you should not turn away from learning more.  Take the time to learn the language of mold illness and this site will try to make things as understandable as possible.

No one says learning is easy, but that doesn’t mean you can skip the learning process when it’s your illness.  Knowledge is power.

HLA DR – Your Genes

Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLAs), are found on the surface of nearly every cell in the human body.  They help the immune system tell the difference between body tissue and foreign substances.

The immune response genes are found on chromosome six.  Patients could have two alleles, copies of genes (for each gene, one allele is inherited from a person’s father, and the other is inherited from a person’s mother), out of approximately 10 possible, as part of their genotype.  Based on Dr. Shoemaker’s data, in normal populations compared to international registries of gene frequencies of HLA DR, we know the frequency of mold illness-susceptible patients approximates 24% of the normally distributed population.  Almost a quarter of the normal population is genetically susceptible to chronic mold illness.  Three quarters isn’t.

 DRB1  DQ  DRB3  DRB4  DRB5
 Multisusceptible  4  3  53
 11/12  3  52B
 14  5  53B
 Mold Susceptible  7  2/3  53
 13  6  52A, B, C
 17  2  52A
 18*  4  52A
 Borrelia, post Lyme Syndrome  15  6  51
 16  5  51
 Dinoflagellates  4  7/8  53
 Multiple Antibiotic Resistant Staph Epidermis (MARCoNS)  11  7  52B
 No recognized significance  8  3, 4, 6
 Low-risk Mold  7  9  53
 12  7  52B
 9  9  53

C4a

Normal Range0-2830 ng/ml

C4a has become the inflammatory marker of greatest significance looking at innate immune responses in those with exposure to Water Damaged Buildings (WDB).

The complement system is a group of proteins that move freely through your bloodstream.  The proteins work with your immune system and play a role in the development of inflammation.

Each complement activates inflammatory responses, with spillover of effect from the innate immune response to acquired immune response and hematologic parameters.

These short-lived products are re-manufactured rapidly, such that an initial rise of plasma levels is seen within 12 hours of exposure to biotoxins, and sustained elevation is seen until definitive therapy is initiated.

TGF Beta-1 – Transforming Growth Factor Beta-1

Normal Range:  <2380 pg/ml

TGF Beta-1 is a protein that has important regulatory effects throughout innate immune pathways.  This protein helps control the growth and division (proliferation) of cells, the process by which cells mature to carry out specific functions (differentiation), cell movement (motility), and the self-destruction of cells (apoptosis).  The TGF Beta-1 protein is found throughout the body and plays a role in development before birth, the formation of blood vessels, the regulation of muscle tissue and body fat development, wound healing, and immune system function (especially regulatory T-cells).

TGF Beta-1 can impair T-regulatory cell function, which in turn contributes to the activation of autoimmunity, yet TGF Beta-1 also plays a role in suppressing autoimmunity(!).  TGF Beta-1 has become important in the exploding incidences of childhood asthma, raising the tantalizing issue of remodeling due to biotoxin exposure.  The EPA says that 21% of all new cases of asthma are due to exposure to Water Damaged Buildings.  If an individual develops wheezing after exposure to a water damaged building, look for remodeling to be the cause.  Remodeling means “something” happens that the airway changes to be more reactive and in need of medications to reduce wheezing.  Neurologic, autoimmune and many other systemmic problems also are found with high TGF Beta-1.

MSH – Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone

Normal Range35-81 pg/mL

Alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) has multiple anti-inflammatory and neurohormonal regulatory functions, exerting regulatory control on peripheral cytokine release, as well as on both anterior and posterior pituitary function.

In mold illness, MSH will be too low in over 95% of patients.  This means increased susceptibility to mold illness, ongoing fatigue, pain, hormone abnormalities, mood swings, and much more.  MSH is a hormone, called a regulatory neuropeptide, and it controls many other hormones, inflammation pathways, and basic defenses against invading microbes.  Without MSH, bad things happen; chronic sleep disorders with non-restful sleep develop, and endorphin production is reduced, so chronic pain follows.

VIP – Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide

Normal Range:  23-63 pg/mL

Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is a neuroregulatory hormone with receptors in the hypothalamus.  This hormone/cytokine regulates peripheral cytokine responses, pulmonary artery pressures, and inflammatory responses throughout the body.

Low VIP levels are present in mold illness patients.  This leads to unusual shortness of breath, especially in exercise.  To date, every multiple chemical sensitivity patient Shoemaker has seen (over 500) have had low VIP.  VIP plays a role similar to MSH in regulating inflammatory responses.

With respect to the digestive system, VIP seems to induce smooth muscle relaxation (lower esophageal sphincter, stomach, gallbladder), stimulate secretion of water into pancreatic juice and bile, and cause inhibition of gastric acid secretion and absorption from the intestinal lumen, which can lead to chronic, watery diarrhea.

VIP replacement, when used according to a strictly administered protocol, has proven to be fabulously effective in returning chronically fatigued patients back to a normal life.  Do not use VIP if you are exposed to mold (with ERMI values greater than 2); if you fail a VCS test; or if you have a MARCoNS present in your nose.

MMP-9

Normal Range85-332 ng/mL

Matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) is an enzyme that in humans, is encoded by the MMP9 gene.  Proteins of the MMP9 family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes.

It has been implicated in pathogenesis COPD by destruction of lung elastin, in rheumatoid arthritis, astherosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, and abdominal aortic aneurysm.

MMP-9 delivers inflammatory elements of of blood into subintimal spaces, where further delivery into solid organs (brain, lung, muscle, peripheral nerve and joint) is initiated.

Leptin

Normal RangeMale: 0.5-13.8 ng/mL; Female: 1.1-27.5 ng/mL

Leptin turns on how tightly the body holds onto fatty acids.  When Leptin is high, one holds onto fatty acids and stores them in fat.  This leads to rapid weight gain, and because of the high Leptin, standard approches to weight loss like eating less and exercising more will fail.  The inflammatory responses that causes Leptin levels to rise lead to patients who are chronically tired, in chronic pain, and forever overweight.

ADH/Osmolality

Normal Range:  ADH – 1.0-13.3 pg/ml; Osmolality – 280-300 mosmol  

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), or vasopressin, is a substance produced naturally by the hypothalamus and released by the pituitary gland.  The hormone controls the amount of water your body removes.

Osmolality is a test that measures the concentration of all chemical particles found in the fluid part of the blood.

Symptoms associated with dysregulation of ADH include dehydration, frequent urination, with urine showing low specific gravity; excessive thirst and sensitivity to static electrical shocks; as well as edema and rapid weight gain due to fluid retention during initial correction of ADH deficits.

ACTH/Cortisol

Normal Range:  ACTH – 8-37 pg/mL; Cortisol – a.m. 4.3-22.4 / p.m. 3.1-16.7 ug/dL

ACTH is a hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland in the brain.  Cortisol is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex, which is the outer part of the adrenal gland.  The adrenal glands are located on top of both kidneys.

Early in the illness, as MSH begins to fall, high ACTH is associated with few symptoms; a marked increase in symptoms is associated with a fall in ACTH.  Finding simultaneous high cortisol and high ACTH may prompt consideration of screening tumors, but the reality is that the dysregulation usually corrects with therapy.

ACLA IgA/IgG/IgM

Normal Range:  IgA – 0-12; IgG 0-10; IgM 0-9

Anticardiolipins (ACLA) are autoantibodies.  Antibodies are proteins in the blood that the body produces to fight off foreign agents.  Antibodies do this by creating an immunity against unfamiliar microorganisms.  Autoantibodies are antibodies that are directed against one’s self.  They interfere with the normal function of blood vessels and react with proteins in the blood that are bound to phospholipid, a type of fat molecule that is a part of the normal cell membrane.

IgA, IgM, and IgG are autoantibodies often identified in collagen vascular diseases such a lupus and scleroderma, and are often called anti-phospholipids.

An increased risk of spontaneous fetal loss in the first trimester of pregnancy is not uncommonly seen in women with the presence of these autoantibodies.  They are found in over 33% of children with biotoxin-associated illnesses.

AGA IgA/IgG

Normal Range:  0-19

Antigliadin (AGA) antibodies are produced in response to gliadin, a small protein that is part of gluten, biologically active of wheat, barley and rye.  These antibodies were thought at one time to be specific for Celiac Disease.

Within 30 minutes of ingestion of gliadin, for those with antigliadin antibodies, there will be an inflammatory response.  This inflammatory response can provide many symptoms, including some that mimic attention deficit disorder.    We all know that some kids are labeled as having ADHD because of their abnormal behavior seen within 30 minutes of eating a cupcake.  It is not the sugar in the icing, it is the gluten in the cake.  Antigliadin antibodies are found in over 58% of children with biotoxin-associated illness.

VEGF

Normal Range:  31-86 pg/mL

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a substance made by cells that stimulates new blood vessel formation and increases blood flow in the capillary beds.   VEGF is a polypeptide.  Deficiency of VEGF is quite common and is a serious problem in biotoxin illness patients that must be corrected.  If you don’t have blood flow, cells begin starve and don’t work properly.

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12 thoughts on “Lab Tests to Help Doctors Diagnose Mold Illness

  1. I am trying to find a doctor to treat me for toxic mold exposure recently. I am removed from the environment, but cannot find any help. I live in Baton Rouge, La, I have Medicare insurance, and I am willing to travel. Please help..this is very frustrating. I had the home tested where I was, and have a 32 page report of toxic mold in the 95% and higher test range. I am ill and need help, not just a blog to read. No one knows of any doctors who do this testing and treatment here. Where can I go to get help!@?

    1. I am very sorry you are going though this.
      Try contacting the Environmental health Center of Dallas at 214-373-51246. Ask to speak with Susan.
      They help people that are suffering from exposure to Environmental toxins.
      However the treatment and testing is usually not covered by insurance.
      God Bless You
      Hope you can find help soon!

      1. Go to the Mold Treatment Centers of America and the National Mold Resource Center websites and you should be able to find some info there. Also, I just googled doctors that treat mold sickness and called every number that came up until I found a doc closest to me. I’ve found that a lot of wellness centers treat for mold sickness. I’m going through the same thing right now and it’s not easy. Best of luck to you!

      2. Amanda,

        Thank You for this information. I have never heard of them but after googling they seem to have a few complaints floating around. Its so hard to be sick and try to navigate through all the symptoms and still find time to research and try to get treatment. From someone who is suffering from Mold Illness and MCS due to exposure to Mycotoxins, I know how it feels!
        My best advise is to find an Environmental Medicine Specialist either in the US or abroad.
        Hope everyone feels better and is able to find treatment soon!

    2. Sandy, I am going through the same thing, I have been sick for over a year from mold, I have moved but still have the symptoms, cannot find a DR or organization to get tested. Still trying!

      1. I am in la been to many so called docs can’t find a specialist except in billing me out thousands need a doc in Louisiana who specializes in mold

      2. I know what you mean Joan. So many doctors charge an enormous amount of money to test and diagnose for Mold related illnesses.
        There is a great doctor in Texas who has an entire clinic there established to treat patients, his name is Dr Rea. I have a section with his articles at the top of this page.

  2. I strong feel that me and my children have been exposed to toxic mold their doctor says he cannot not test them because he has no clue which test to run onthem . says the insurance s won’t pay for it unless I know the type of fungus. Help

      1. Approximately 2 yrs ago I was renting a mobile that had black mold, the land lord only told me to use bleach on it, I did, and it came back more than before. I was having a cough, watery eyes and could not stay awake and was sleeping more than 15 hrs at a time and still tired when I did wake up, my weight was 135 and within weeks it dropped to 110. After showing my Dr the pictures of the mold he told me to leave there ASAP, also I had sores on my legs that I could not get rid of. I did move and my doctor has given me heart tests, blood tests, MRI of my brain, I’ve seen Neurologists for testing, every test possible in order to eliminate any disease with these symptoms…the test were all good. I still have respitory problems and am using inhalers for shortness of breath and I do not have COPD. I live in SC, which has no limits on mold control, I talked to every agency possible and was told by them it was all up to me to hire private inspectors, landlords have no restrictions as far as mold goes nor do they have safety restrictions, it’s “if you don’t like it, leave” The landlords know this and they can continue to rent high risk homes and do not even have to keep the properties sanitary. I’ve been trying to fight this for well over two years, I also was told that there is no test for mold sickness….any suggestions for me? Thank you

  3. Hi I have gone through something similar ,and although there are no mold regulations there are rights that you have and responsibilities of the landlords if they are collecting money for a property .check landlord responsibility and tenants rights . you have the right to live in a safe healthy environment . In most states if they are receiving money they mus provide that to you.

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